%A Yu, Bin-Bin %A Huang, Jiang-Qiong %A Liang, Huan-Wei %A Liu, Yang %A Chen, Long %A Pei, Su %A Huang, Wei %A Pan, Xin-Bin %D 2024 %T Treatment patterns and survival in T4b esophageal cancer: a retrospective cohort study %! Treatment patterns and survival in T4b esophageal cancer: a retrospective cohort study %K esophageal cancer, T4b, treatment patterns, survival %X Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of various treatment approaches in stage T4b esophageal cancer patients. Materials and methods: Data were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results databases, covering patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer between 2000 and 2020. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) across different treatment patterns. Results: The study included 482 patients: 222 (46.1%) received chemoradiotherapy, 58 (12.0%) underwent radiotherapy alone, 37 (7.7%) received chemotherapy alone, 50 (10.4%) underwent surgery, and 115 (23.8%) received no treatment. Median CSS were 12, 4, 6, 18, and 1 month for chemoradiotherapy, radiotherapy alone, chemotherapy alone, surgery, and non-treatment groups. Median OS for these groups were 11, 3, 6, 17, and 1 month, respectively. Multivariable proportional hazard regression analysis revealed that patients who underwent surgery experienced significantly improved CSS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.24-0.72; P = 0.002) and OS (HR = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.28-0.74; P = 0.002) compared to those receiving chemoradiotherapy after propensity score matching. Conclusions: Esophagectomy, with or without radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, results in better survival outcomes than chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage T4b esophageal cancer. %U https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.205747 %J Aging %0 Journal Article %V 16 %N 8 %P 7131-7140 %R 10.18632/aging.205747 %@ 1945-4589