Research Paper Volume 7, Issue 12 pp 1094—1108

Age-related neuroinflammation and changes in AKT-GSK-3β and WNT/ β-CATENIN signaling in rat hippocampus

Figure 2. Age related changes in TNF‐α, IL‐10 and Glucocorticoid (GC) levels. Levels of hippocampal TNF‐α (A) and IL‐10 (B) and serum glucocorticoids (C) were measured by ELISA kits. Results are expressed as mean ± S.E.M. from three individual experiments (n= 5‐10 for each experimental group). ANOVA followed by Newman‐Keuls. (a) p<0.05 vs. 4‐month‐old basal sample.