Research Paper Volume 9, Issue 2 pp 419—446

Epigenetic clock analysis of diet, exercise, education, and lifestyle factors

Figure 4. Pictorial summary of our main findings. The blue and red arrows depict anti-aging and pro-aging effects in blood respectively. The two clocks symbolize the extrinsic epigenetic clock (enhanced version of the Hannum estimate) and the intrinsic epigenetic clock (Horvath 2013) which are dependent and independent of blood cell counts, respectively.