Figure 4. Adaptive proteolytic capacity of the 20S proteasome diminishes with age in a sex-dependent manner. Virgin females of the Actin-GS-255B strain were crossed to males of the w strain and progeny were assayed for the proteolytic activity of the three catalytic subunits of the 20S proteasome in 3 day-old (red or blue) and 60 day-old flies (checked pattern). Caspase-like activity in (A) Females and males. Trypsin-like activity in (B) Females and males. Chymotrypsin-like activity in (C) Females and males. (D) Proteolytic degradation of oxidized [3H] hemoglobin in flies pretreated with hydrogen peroxide at 3 days and 60 days. Statistical significance for proteolysis of oxidized substrate was compared to young control females. Error bars denote standard error of the mean (S.E.M) values. * P <0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001 relative to control using one-way ANOVA. Asterisk color corresponds to young females (pink *), aged females (black *), young males (green #), and aged males (black #). Statistical significance was calculated relative to the young control females (A-D).