Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 11 pp 3650—3667

Real-world effectiveness of medications on survival in patients with COPD-heart failure overlap

Figure 4. (A) Subgroup analysis of SABDs. (HRs were adjusted for age, sex, income level, comorbidities, exacerbation frequency of COPD, exacerbation frequency of HF, Charlson Comorbidity Index, urbanization level and medications; medications were analyzed as time-dependent covariates, time period: 3 months). (B) Subgroup analysis of LABAs alone. (C) Subgroup analysis of ICSs alone.