Figure 1. PM induced several potential transcription factors in a dose-dependent manner in normal lung cells. (A) The flowchart represents the procedure of microarray chips established in human pulmonary fibroblasts. (B) Detailed heatmaps highlight the significantly up- and down-regulated genes after PM treatment, that were normalized gene expression from the microarray database analysis. (C) The ranking of candidate transcription factors by IPA database of microarray from PM treatment compared with the sham group in human pulmonary fibroblasts. The cut-off was a 1.5-fold change.