Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 15 pp 5412—5432

Sex differences in the associations of placental epigenetic aging with fetal growth

Figure 2. Change in fetal growth measure z-score at 13-40 weeks’ gestation per one week increase in placental age acceleration. Models were adjusted for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index, race/ethnicity, marital status, educational status, health insurance ownership, parity, and mode of onset of labor. Black horizontal line along the 0-mark on the vertical axis represents the null. Dotted lines in color shaded areas represent the lower and upper bounds of 95% Confidence Intervals. (A) Fetal weight. (B) Head circumference. (C) Biparietal diameter. (D) Abdominal circumference. (E) Humeral length. (F) Femur length.