**Figure 3.** **Aerosol inhalation of an HRS attenuated sepsis-induced renal fibrosis.** (**A**) Masson’s Trichrome staining, where blue staining represents extracellular matrix deposition, suggesting fibrosis; (**B**) Collagen volume fraction ratio. *n=6* per group. Data are shown as the *mean ± SEM*. In (**B**), significance was calculated by *one-way ANOVA* with *Tukey’s post hoc test*, **: P<0.05*.