Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 8 pp 7411—7430

PGC-1α activator ZLN005 promotes maturation of cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells

Figure 2. ZLN005 improved mitochondrial maturation of hESC-CMs. (A) qRT-PCR analysis of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation markers in hESC-CMs (n=7). (B) Representative lifetime profiles from control (black trace) and ZLN005-treated (red trace) hESC-CMs. (C) Basal oxygen consumption rates (lifetime slope) in control and ZLN005-treated hESC-CMs (n=8). (D) qRT-PCR analysis of mitochondrial biogenesis markers in hESC-CMs (n=7). (E) Mitochondrial DNA content, as determined by qRT-PCR using primers for mt-ND1 normalized to housekeeping gene β-actin (n=8). (F) Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) pictures in control and ZLN005-treated hESC-CMs. Scale bar, 2μm. (G) Basal ATP levels in hESC-CMs (n=6). A ratiometric analysis was performed to determine changes in the Lifetime fluorescence signal: Lifetime (μs) [T] = (D2-D1)/ln(W1/W2), where D is delay; W is fluorescence window value at each time point.