Figure 10. Effects of Dodecyl-TPP on cancer metastasis. Dodecyl-TPP was tested using low micro-molar concentrations (6.25- and 25-μM). Note that Dodecyl-TPP significantly inhibited metastasis (by 25% to 65%). Averages are shown + SEM. *p<0.05; ***p<0.001. Importantly, little or no toxicity was observed for Dodecyl-TPP at 6.25- and 25-μM (Table 3). The structure of Dodecyl-TPP (d-TPP) is also shown.