Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 14 pp 14691—14698

Reproductive and hormonal factors and bladder cancer risk: a prospective study and meta-analysis


Figure 1. Forest plots showing risk estimates of the association between bladder cancer and reproductive and hormonal factors. Risk estimates for bladder cancer and parity (A); early menopause (B); any use of hormone replacement therapy (C); use of estrogen-progestogen therapy for hormone replacement therapy (D). The square denotes the weight size of each included study and the diamond represents the pooled HR (95% CI).