Figure 3. MiR-185 increases telomere dysfunction via the ATR signaling pathway in cancer cells. (A) ATR protein levels and phosphorylated Chk1 levels in POT1 knockdown, miR-185 overexpression and POT1 rescue HTC75 cells. Total Chk1 was blotted as a loading control. (B) After treatment with the ATR kinase inhibitor VE-821, the POT1 knockdown, miR-185 overexpression and control HTC75 cells were examined by immunostaining using anti-γ-H2AX antibody and fluorescence in situ hybridization using the TTAGGG telomere probe. (C) Quantification of the percentage of cells in (B) with more than 3 TIFs. Error bars indicate standard deviations (n=3). (D) Growth curve of HTC75 cells stably infected with viruses encoding empty vector (miR-Neg), shPOT1, miR-185, miR-185 plus GFP, or miR-185 plus POT1 at different time points. (E) Telomere restriction fragment (TRF) analysis showed the telomere length of HTC75 cells stably infected with the indicated viruses at the indicated population doublings (PD 0, PD 30, PD 60). (F) Quantification of telomere length in (E).