Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 16 pp 16270—16293

CTCF promotes colorectal cancer cell proliferation and chemotherapy resistance to 5-FU via the P53-Hedgehog axis

Figure 3. Inhibition of CTCF represses human CRC cells proliferation. (A) GSEA results showed that “KEGG_DNA_REPLICATION” gene set enriches in the CTCF high expression group and “CYCLIN_D1_KE_V1_UP” gene set enriches in the CTCF low expression group (GSE17538, n = 177, and TCGA, n = 465). (B, C) qRT-PCR and western blot analyses of CTCF expression level in the constructed cell lines (SW480 and RKO). (DG) Cell reproductive capacity was examined by CCK8, colony formation and EdU staining assays. (H, I) Tumor volume and weight of subcutaneous tumor were measured and analysed. (J) Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine Ki-67 expression. The above data are presented as mean ± SEM. * P<0.05, **P<0.01, and ***P<0.001.