Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 18 pp 18274—18296

MSC-derived exosomes promote recovery from traumatic brain injury via microglia/macrophages in rat

Figure 1. hADSC-ex facilitated sensorimotor functional recovery in TBI rats. (A) Schematic representation of the experimental procedures. (B) Sensorimotor function measured with the mNSS. (C) Left forelimb foot-fault test scores. Data represent the mean ± SD, n = 8 rats per group; ns. p > 0.05, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, determined by repeated-measures two-way ANOVA vs. PBS control group.