Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 17 pp 16690—16708

Metabolic alterations in plasma from patients with familial and idiopathic Parkinson’s disease

Figure 2. Box and whisker plots and graphs with average ± SEM of fold change (Log2) concentrations of cholesterol (A), CA (B), DCA (C), LCA (D), G-conjugated bile acids (E) and T-conjugated bile acids (F) in the control group (healthy), idiopathic and familial (harboring the p.G2019S or p.R1441G mutations in LRRK2 gene) Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. Abbreviations: CA, cholic acid; DCA, deoxycholic acid; G, glycine; LCA, lithocholic acid; PD, Parkinson’s disease; T, taurine.