Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 5 pp 6592—6605

Lupeol ameliorates LPS/D-GalN induced acute hepatic damage by suppressing inflammation and oxidative stress through TGFβ1-Nrf2 signal pathway

Lupeol restrains LPS/GalN-induced liver inflammation. (A) Immunohistochemistry staining of VCAM-1 in zebrafish, n=20, figures are magnified as 400x, bar=200μm. (B) Quantitative analysis of VCAM-1, data are represented as mean ± SEM. (C) Expression of TNF-α and VCAM-1 in mice. (D) Quantitative analysis of TNF-α and VCAM-1 protein. (E, F) Immunohistochemistry analysis for TNF-α location and expression in mice. (G, H) Immunofluorescence analysis for CD3 expression in mice. (I, J) Immunohistochemistry staining of F4/80 and LY-6G in mice and quantification of F4/80 and LY-6G expression. Data are shown as the mean ± SEM, n=3-4 group, *P

Figure 3. Lupeol restrains LPS/GalN-induced liver inflammation. (A) Immunohistochemistry staining of VCAM-1 in zebrafish, n=20, figures are magnified as 400x, bar=200μm. (B) Quantitative analysis of VCAM-1, data are represented as mean ± SEM. (C) Expression of TNF-α and VCAM-1 in mice. (D) Quantitative analysis of TNF-α and VCAM-1 protein. (E, F) Immunohistochemistry analysis for TNF-α location and expression in mice. (G, H) Immunofluorescence analysis for CD3 expression in mice. (I, J) Immunohistochemistry staining of F4/80 and LY-6G in mice and quantification of F4/80 and LY-6G expression. Data are shown as the mean ± SEM, n=3-4 group, *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001, control group vs other groups. #P<0.05, ##P<0.01, ### P<0.001. Figures are magnified as 200x, bar=50μm.