Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 4 pp 5226—5237

Associations between smoking, sex hormone levels and late-onset hypogonadism in men differ depending on age

Adjusted mean AMS scores by smoking status in middle-aged and elderly men. Adjusted mean (A) total score, (B) sexual score, (C) somatic score, and (D) psychological score by smoking status in middle-aged and elderly men. Arithmetic mean values were calculated using multiple covariance and adjusting for age (in “overall” analysis only), body mass index, and alcohol intake. Error bars indicate standard error. *P

Figure 3. Adjusted mean AMS scores by smoking status in middle-aged and elderly men. Adjusted mean (A) total score, (B) sexual score, (C) somatic score, and (D) psychological score by smoking status in middle-aged and elderly men. Arithmetic mean values were calculated using multiple covariance and adjusting for age (in “overall” analysis only), body mass index, and alcohol intake. Error bars indicate standard error. *P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001 vs. never smokers.