Figure 3. Adjusted mean AMS scores by smoking status in middle-aged and elderly men. Adjusted mean (A) total score, (B) sexual score, (C) somatic score, and (D) psychological score by smoking status in middle-aged and elderly men. Arithmetic mean values were calculated using multiple covariance and adjusting for age (in “overall” analysis only), body mass index, and alcohol intake. Error bars indicate standard error. *P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001 vs. never smokers.