Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 10 pp 14001—14014

Adalimumab ameliorates memory impairments and neuroinflammation in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rats


Figure 5.

ADA suppressed the expression of M1 markers. The expression of the M1 markers TNFα (A), IL-12 (B), IL-6 (C), IFNγ (D) and IL-1β (E) in the different groups was evaluated by ELISA kits. All values are expressed as the mean ± SEM (n = 6). **p < 0.01 vs. the sham group; ##p < 0.01 vs. the CCH group.