Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 1 pp 109—142

Kampo formulas alleviate aging-related emotional disturbances and neuroinflammation in male senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 mice


Figure 6. Oral administration of NKS modulates pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine levels in the hippocampus of mice after saline or LPS injection. Data are shown as the mean ± SEM (n = 5 or 6). *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 using Bonferroni’s post-hoc test. Abbreviations: KS: kososan; NKS: nobiletin-rich kososan; HJG: hachimijiogan; LPS: lipopolysaccharide.