COVID-19 Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 3 pp 1110—1127

Dihydroartemisinin attenuates pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in rats by suppressing JAK2/STAT3 signaling


Figure 3. DHA inhibited the JAK2/STAT3 pathway in pneumonia tissue. (A) Tgfb1, (B) Jak2, and (C) Stat3 mRNA levels in the lungs were determined using qRT-PCR (n = 6), data are expressed as the fold change in mRNA expression normalized to Gapdh expression, with respect to the control group. Representative images of (D) TGF-β1 and (E) JAK2 protein expression in lung tissue detected using IHC. Mean IOD of (F) TGFβ1 and (G) JAK2 protein by IHC staining. Data are expressed as the means ± standard error. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.001. Abbreviations: BLM: bleomycin; DHA-1: dihydroartemisinin 25 mg/kg/d; DHA-2: dihydroartemisinin 50 mg/kg/d; DHA-3: dihydroartemisinin 100 mg/kg/d; IHC: immunohistochemistry; IOD: integrated optical density; NS: not statistically significant.