Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 3 pp 1157—1185

Improved impedance to maladaptation and enhanced VCAM-1 upregulation with resistance-type training in the long-lived Snell dwarf (Pit1dw/dw) mouse


Figure 4. VCAM-1 protein levels within muscle homogenates following 3 days per week training. Exceptional VCAM-1 levels were reached in muscles of Snell dwarf mice upon training. Sample sizes were N = 5 to 7 per group. Dots represent raw values. Lines denote means ± SD. Relevant ANOVA interaction is noted. *Different from comparable non-trained value, Different from comparable 3-month-old value, Different from comparable control value, P < 0.05.