Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 5 pp 2148—2173

Parkinson’s disease and cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis on the influence of lifestyle habits, genetic variants, and gender


Figure 2. Forest plot of the association between PD and overall cancer risk, as well as that of specific cancers. PD patients had decreased overall cancer risks, and decreased risks of colon, rectal, colorectal, lung, oral cavity, brain cancers, and melanoma, compared to the general population.