Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 5 pp 2148—2173

Parkinson’s disease and cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis on the influence of lifestyle habits, genetic variants, and gender


Figure 3. Forest plot comparing risks of cancer in general and specific cancers for LRRK2-PD vs. idiopathic PD patients. LRRK2-PD patients had higher risk of overall cancer, as well as brain, breast, colon, and hematological cancers.