Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 5 pp 2148—2173

Parkinson’s disease and cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis on the influence of lifestyle habits, genetic variants, and gender


Figure 4. Forest plot comparing risks of cancer in general and specific cancers for female vs. male PD patients. Female PD patients have decreased risks of overall cancer, and bladder, colon, haematological, liver, lung, and rectal cancer compared to male PD patients. Details of specific cancers included in each cancer group are listed in Supplementary Table 6A6C.