Research Paper Volume 15, Issue 10 pp 4253—4268

Effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical intervention on sperm quality: a systematic review and network meta-analysis


Figure 3. Network meta-analysis estimates for efficacy of non-pharmaceutical interventions on sperm parameters. (A) Pregnancy rate. (B) Sperm concentration. (C) Sperm total motility. (D) Sperm forward motility. (E) Sperm quality. (F) Sperm count. Non-pharmaceutical interventions are listed in order of efficacy ranking according to SUCRAs. Comparisons should be read from left to right. Statistically significant differences are shown in orange.