Research Paper Volume 10, Issue 10 pp 2911—2934

Nuclear Nox4 interaction with prelamin A is associated with nuclear redox control of stem cell aging

Francesca Casciaro1,2, , Francesca Beretti1, , Manuela Zavatti1, , James A. McCubrey3, , Stefano Ratti2, , Sandra Marmiroli4, , Matilde Y. Follo2, , Tullia Maraldi1, ,

  • 1 Department of Surgical, Medical, Dental and Morphological Sciences with Interest in Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, 41124, Italy
  • 2 Cellular Signalling Laboratory, Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, 40126, Italy
  • 3 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
  • 4 Cellular Signaling Unit, Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, 41125, Italy

Received: August 4, 2018       Accepted: October 13, 2018       Published: October 24, 2018
How to Cite

Copyright: © 2018 Casciaro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Mesenchymal stem cells have emerged as an important tool that can be used for tissue regeneration thanks to their easy preparation, differentiation potential and immunomodulatory activity. However, an extensive culture of stem cells in vitro prior to clinical use can lead to oxidative stress that can modulate different stem cells properties, such as self-renewal, proliferation, differentiation and senescence. The aim of this study was to investigate the aging process occurring during in vitro expansion of stem cells, obtained from amniotic fluids (AFSC) at similar gestational age.

The analysis of 21 AFSC samples allowed to classify them in groups with different levels of stemness properties. In summary, the expression of pluripotency genes and the proliferation rate were inversely correlated with the content of reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage signs and the onset premature aging markers, including accumulation of prelamin A, the lamin A immature form. Interestingly, a specific source of ROS, the NADPH oxidase isoform 4 (Nox4), can localize into PML nuclear bodies (PML-NB), where it associates to prelamin A. Besides, Nox4 post translational modification, involved in PML-NB localization, is linked to its degradation pathway, as it is also for prelamin A, thus possibly modulating the premature aging phenotype occurrence.


Human amniotic fluid stem cells: hAFSCs; bovine serum albumin: BSA; dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate: DCFH-DA; cumulative population doubling: CPD; 1,4-diazabicyclo(2.2.2)octane: DABCO; 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole: DAPI; ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid: EDTA; immunofluorescence: IF; phosphate buffered saline: PBS; population doubling time: PDT; tris-buffered saline: TBS; Triton–X-100 TBS: TxTBS; Western blot: WB; Standard Deviation: SD.