Ovarian cancer refers to all sorts of cancerous growth that starts from the ovary. Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is associated with ovarian cancer development and progression. Cellular expression and localization of LINC00452 in ovarian cancer cells were detected by qPCR and FISH. The roles of LINC00452 in ovarian carcinogenesis were characterized by MTT, transwell and colony-formation assays in vitro as well as xenograft mouse model. The underlying mechanism was explored by microarray, RIP, Co-IP and luciferase reporter assays. This study identified a novel lncRNA LINC00452 being elevated in both ovarian cancer cells and tumor tissues in patients. Such aberrant expression of LINC00452 was negatively correlated with relapse-free survival of ovarian cancer patients. Overexpression of LINC00452 potentiated CaOV3 cell viability, migration and invasion in vitro as well as xenograft tumor growth in vivo. Evidence from the current study suggests that the carcinogenicity of LINC00452 is partially due to competitive sponging of miR-501-3p followed with release of repression on the ROCK1, a key effector in Rho signaling pathway. Irrespective of its miRNA sponge function, LINC00452 is capable of preventing ROCK1 protein from ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated degradation via their mutual physical interaction. Our study makes LINC00452 a potential therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.