Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 23 pp 24270—24287

Metformin protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and cell pyroptosis via AMPK/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway


Figure 5. Metformin inhibited inflammatory cytokines release following myocardial I/R injury. (A) The IL-1β content, (B) IL-18 content and (C) TNF-α content were detected by ELISA (n = 6–7 per group). (D) The mRNA levels of IL-1β, (E) IL-18 and (F) TNF-α were measured using quantitative RT-PCR (n = 6–7 per group). The housekeeping gene β-actin was used for normalization. Values are expressed as the mean ± SEM. * P < 0.05 vs. Sham. # P < 0.05 vs. I/R. & P < 0.05 vs. MET.