Figure 1. Paradoxical links between damage and aging. (A) If agings is caused by damage, then hormetic damage should accelerate aging. Also food by providing resources should becelerate aging. Both prediction contradict observations, making the model incorrect. (B) Paradoxical model assumes that (a) damage decrease damage and (b) the less resources (food), the more resources can be used for anti-aging repair. These assumptions are paradoxical but nevertheless are needed to fit predictions and observations. Paradoxical links are shown in red.