Research Paper Volume 10, Issue 2 pp 229—240

Exploiting mitochondrial targeting signal(s), TPP and bis-TPP, for eradicating cancer stem cells (CSCs)

Figure 5. Effects of TPP derivatives on cell viability and intracellular ATP levels in normal fibroblasts (hTERT-BJ1) and human breast cancer cells (MCF-7). Cell viability and intracellular ATP levels were determined in the same treated samples. Hoechst staining (%) of hTERT-BJ1 human fibroblasts (black); ATP level (%) of hTERT-BJ1 human fibroblasts (dotted); Hoechst staining (%) of MCF-7 cells (inclined lines); ATP level (%) of of MCF-7 cells (white). TPP treatments at 1 µM, 72h. Data are represented as mean +/- SEM. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; indicates significance, all relative to the control.