Figure 4. DNAm PhenoAge measured in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex relates to Alzheimer’s disease and related neuropathologies. Using postmortem data from the Religious Order Study (ROS) and the Memory and Aging Project (MAP), we find a moderate/high correlation between chronological age and DNAm PhenoAge (panel A). We also estimate the Pproportion of neurons via the CETS algorithm and show that it correlates with DNAm PhenoAge (B). Further furtherthe correlation between chronological agen and DNAm PhenoAge is increased after adjusting for the estimated proportion on neurons in each sample (panel C). We also find that DNAm PhenoAge is significantly higher (p=0.00046) among those with Alzheimer’s disease versus controls (panel D), and that it positively correlates with amyloid load (p=0.012, panel E), neuritic plaques (p=0.0032, panel F), diffuse plaques (p=0.036, panel G), and neurofibrillary tangles (p=0.0073, panel H).