Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 12 pp 4075—4089

TGF-β1 enhances FOXO3 expression in human synovial fibroblasts by inhibiting miR-92a through AMPK and p38 pathways


Figure 4. TGF-β1 suppression of miR-92a enhances FOXO3 production. (A) Open-source software (TargetScan, miRDB, and miRWalk) was used to identify which miRNAs could possibly interfere with FOXO3 transcription. (B) OASFs were incubated with TGF-β1 at concentrations of 0, 1, 3, 10, and 30 ng/ml. miR-92a expression levels were examined by qPCR assay. (C-E) OASFs were transfected with miR-92a mimic and then stimulated with TGF-β1. The mRNA and protein levels were examined by qPCR and Western blot. Results are expressed as the mean ± SEM. *p < 0.05 as compared with the control group; #p < 0.05 as compared with the TGF-β1-treated group.