Figure 4. Cav1.3 knock out decrease intra cellular calcium and subsequently result in reduction of complex I derived ROS inactivation. (A) intra-cellular ROS detection by flow cytometry (n=3). (B–E) the intra cellular calcium, intra cellular ROS, caspase-3/7-AAD staining and C12FDG staining of NC and KO HEI-OC1 cells with or without Ionmycin (n=3). (F) immunofluorescence of mitoSOX (red) and mitotrackor (green) in NC and KO HEI-OC1 cells, nuclei was visualized by DAPI (magnification, ×400, scal bar: 50μm), the right panels are the quantitative analysis of mitoSOX (top) and mitoTrackor (bottom). (G) the intra cellular ROS of KO HEI-OC1 cells with or without gradient Retenone (Ret) and Antimycin A (AMA)(n=3), the right panel is the quantitative analysis. Error bars represent mean ± s.d.; *P<0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; n.s. not significant; by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (B, C, D, G).