Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 22 pp 10409—10421

The anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative and anti-fibrosis properties of swertiamarin in cigarette smoke exposure-induced prostate dysfunction in rats

Figure 3. Prostate levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) and inflammatory-related factors (COX-2, iNOS and NO) in rats (n=6 per group).**p<0.01 compared to the CS group. A: vehicle, B: CS, C: CS-32 mg/kg swertiamarin, D: CS-16 mg/kg swertiamarin.