Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 24 pp 12810—12821

Nicotine instigates podocyte injury via NLRP3 inflammasomes activation

Figure 3. Inflammasome activation by nicotine in podocytes. Values are arithmetic means ± SEM (n=6 each group) of caspase-1 activity (A) and IL-β production (B) in podocytes with or without stimulation of nicotine and/or WEHD. *significant difference from control, #significant difference from nicotine treated group.