Five-year overall survival rates of hepatocellular carcinoma patients by Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores, categorized into tertiles. (A) PCS (Overall population, N = 735), (B) MCS (Overall population, N = 735), (C) PCS (Patients with stages I and II, N = 215), and (D) PCS (Patients with stages III and IV, N = 516). Higher scores indicate a better physical or mental quality of life. PCS: High, ≥ 45.0; Medium, ≥ 30.5, < 45.0; Low, < 30.5. MCS: High, ≥ 54.4; Medium, ≥ 41.3, < 54.4; Low, < 41.3.