Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 20 pp 20350—20365

Blood-based biomarkers in hypothalamic-pituitary axes for the risk of dementia or cognitive decline: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Figure 1. Literature search for the systematic review and meta-analysis. Abbreviations: DHEAS, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate; DHT, dihydrotestosterone; E2, estradiol; FSH, follicle-stimulating hormone; GH, growth hormone; HPA, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal; HPG, hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal; HPT, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid; HPS, hypothalamic-pituitary-somatic; IGF, insulin-like growth factor; IGFBP, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein; LH, luteinizing hormone; rT3, reverse triiodothyronine; SHBG, sex hormone-binding globulin; T, testosterone; T3, triiodothyronine; T4, thyroxine; TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone.