Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 20 pp 20611—20622

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the cerebellum improves ataxia and cerebello-fronto plasticity in multiple system atrophy: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled and TMS-EEG study


(A) Schematic representation of experimental design. (B) Analysis procedure for TMS-EEG data. MSA: multiple system atrophy; HC: healthy control; TMS-EEG: transcranial magnetic stimulation–electroencephalogram; rTMS: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; sTMS: single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation; ADTF: adapted directed transfer function.