Figure 8. PRMT6-pAKT axis is crucial in CSE-induced epithelia death. Cigarette smoke reduces PRMT6 at both mRNA and protein levels. Decreased PRMT6 promotes PI3Kp85 expression and increases the protein stability of PTEN. Changes of PI3Kp85 and PTEN, as well as decreased PDK1, reduce the total phosphorylation level of AKT. Lower level of AKT phosphorylation in turn promotes cigarette smoke-induced lung epithelial cell death.