Figure 2. Effects of WS on the learning memory and the neuronal molecules in mice. (A) The ratio of active avoidance response (%). (B) Passive avoidance reaction time (s). *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 relative to the control group, and #P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01, ###P < 0.001 relative to the SD group. (C) Images of the HE stained hippocampus in the mouse cerebrum at 100× and 400× magnification. (D) Immunohistochemical images of Aβ expression in tissues from the mouse cerebrum at 20× and 400× magnification. (E) Immunohistochemical images of GFAP expression in tissues from the mouse cerebrum at 50× and 400× magnification.