Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 14 pp 18051—18093

Beneficial effects of dietary supplementation with green tea catechins and cocoa flavanols on aging-related regressive changes in the mouse neuromuscular system

Impact of GTE- and cocoa-supplemented diets on P2Y12R expression in spinal cord microglia of old mice. Sections of lumbar spinal cords from mice of different experimental groups were double immunostained for Iba1 and P2Y12R. (A, B) Quantification of Iba1-positive profiles also exhibiting P2Y12R immunoreactivity (A) and of those displaying nuclear P2Y12R expression (B). (C1–F2) Representative confocal micrographs used for data analysis showing P2Y12R (green) in combination with Iba1 (red) and fluorescent Nissl staining (blue, for MN visualization), as indicated in panels. A higher magnification of area delimited by the dashed square in D4 is shown in (F1, F2). Note the nuclear expression of P2Y12R in Iba1-positive microglial cells in close contact with a MN. Data in the graphs are expressed as the mean ± SEM; a total of 40-50 images per experimental group were analyzed (number of animals per group: control [Ctrl] = 3, GTE = 4, cocoa = 5); ***p post hoc test). Scale bar: 50 μm in (E4) (valid for C1–E3) and 10 μm in (F2) (valid for F1).

Figure 8. Impact of GTE- and cocoa-supplemented diets on P2Y12R expression in spinal cord microglia of old mice. Sections of lumbar spinal cords from mice of different experimental groups were double immunostained for Iba1 and P2Y12R. (A, B) Quantification of Iba1-positive profiles also exhibiting P2Y12R immunoreactivity (A) and of those displaying nuclear P2Y12R expression (B). (C1F2) Representative confocal micrographs used for data analysis showing P2Y12R (green) in combination with Iba1 (red) and fluorescent Nissl staining (blue, for MN visualization), as indicated in panels. A higher magnification of area delimited by the dashed square in D4 is shown in (F1, F2). Note the nuclear expression of P2Y12R in Iba1-positive microglial cells in close contact with a MN. Data in the graphs are expressed as the mean ± SEM; a total of 40-50 images per experimental group were analyzed (number of animals per group: control [Ctrl] = 3, GTE = 4, cocoa = 5); ***p < 0.001 vs. Ctrl (one-way ANOVA, Bonferroni's post hoc test). Scale bar: 50 μm in (E4) (valid for C1E3) and 10 μm in (F2) (valid for F1).