Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 15 pp 19529—19541

Brain reactivity to emotional stimuli in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder and related personality characteristics

Comparisons of emotional changes and brain reactivity to emotional stimuli among PMDD and control study participants (PMDD=19, Controls=21) of the depression-induced group. (A–D) Extraversion, psychoticism, neuroticism, and social desirability T-scores. (E) Schematic presentation of participants in the experiment. (F) TAS-20 scores for both groups. (G) Depression emotions of participants in the depression-induced group. (H) Illustration of activations in various brain areas: the middle frontal gyrus, middle gyrus and cingulate gyrus for PMDD and HC groups. (I) PMDD and HC groups Depression mood Subtract Neutral Frontal Mid-Back Picture Condition T-test activation Differential area; p  389 warm (T value positive) represents PMDD group higher than the HC group, cool (T negative) on behalf of the normal group than the patient group.

Figure 3. Comparisons of emotional changes and brain reactivity to emotional stimuli among PMDD and control study participants (PMDD=19, Controls=21) of the depression-induced group. (AD) Extraversion, psychoticism, neuroticism, and social desirability T-scores. (E) Schematic presentation of participants in the experiment. (F) TAS-20 scores for both groups. (G) Depression emotions of participants in the depression-induced group. (H) Illustration of activations in various brain areas: the middle frontal gyrus, middle gyrus and cingulate gyrus for PMDD and HC groups. (I) PMDD and HC groups Depression mood Subtract Neutral Frontal Mid-Back Picture Condition T-test activation Differential area; p < 0.05, cluster size > 389 warm (T value positive) represents PMDD group higher than the HC group, cool (T negative) on behalf of the normal group than the patient group.