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Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 17 pp 21251—21267

Betulinic acid induces autophagy-dependent apoptosis via Bmi-1/ROS/AMPK-mTOR-ULK1 axis in human bladder cancer cells


Figure 1. BA represses viability, proliferation, and migration of human bladder cancer cells. (A) EJ and T24 cells were exposed to BA at specified doses for 24 h and cell viability examined with the CCK-8 assay. (B) Transwell migration assay results for EJ and T24 cells. (C) Wound healing assay results. (D) Colony formation assay results. * p<0.05, **p<0.01.