Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 23 pp 25440—25452

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles perturb the blood-testis barrier via disruption of actin-based cell adhesive function


Figure 1. The effects of TiO2-NPs on TM-4 cell viability after exposure for 24 h. The results are expressed as the mean ± SEM. n=4, *p<0.05, **p<0.01 compared to the control; ##p<0.01 compared to the NPs.