Research Paper Volume 15, Issue 18 pp 9797—9808

Investigating the causal effect of Dickkopf-1 on coronary artery disease and ischemic stroke: a Mendelian randomization study


Figure 1. Effects of genetically predicted DKK1 on the risks of CAD and IS. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01. DKK1, Dickkopf-related protein 1; CAD, coronary artery disease; IS, ischemic stroke.