Research Paper Volume 16, Issue 8 pp 7387—7404

New insights from bidirectional Mendelian randomization: causal relationships between telomere length and mitochondrial DNA copy number in aging biomarkers


Figure 1. Forest plot for Mendelian randomization (MR) results. (A) The MR results for the forward analysis; (B) the MR results for the reverse analysis. The x-axis (B) shows effect estimates; dots represent primary effect estimate; horizontal lines depict the confidence interval of effect estimate.