Research Paper Volume 10, Issue 8 pp 2190—2208
Qualitative and quantitative alterations in intracellular and membrane glycoproteins maintain the balance between cellular senescence and human aging
- 1 Research Team for Geriatric Medicine (Vascular Medicine), Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan
received: April 13, 2018 ; accepted: August 23, 2018 ; published: August 29, 2018 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.101540
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Copyright: Itakura et al. This is an open‐access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Glycans are associated with and serve as biomarkers for various biological functions. We previously reported that cell surface sialylated glycoproteins of dermal fibroblasts decreased with cellular senescence and human aging. There is little information on the changes in glycoprotein expression and subcellular localization during the aging process. Here, we examined intracellular glycan profiles of fibroblasts undergoing cellular senescence and those derived from aging human subjects using lectin microarray analysis. We found a sequential change of the intracellular glycan profiles was little during cellular senescence. The intracellular glycans of cells derived from aged fetus and from elderly subjects showed similar localized patterns while repeating unsteady changes. The ratio of α2-3/2-6sialylated intracellular glycoproteins in total cell extracts increased, except for a part of α2-3sialylated O-glycans. These findings are in contrast to those for membrane glycoprotein, which decreased with aging. Interestingly, the ratio of increasing sialylated glycoproteins in the fetus-derived cells showing cellular senescence was similar to that in cells derived from the elderly. Thus, intracellular glycans may maintain cellular functions such as ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated degradation and/or autophagy during aging by contributing to the accumulation of intracellular glycosylated proteins. Our findings provide novel mechanistic insight into the molecular changes that occur during aging.