Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 20 pp 8777—8791
LncRNA MALAT1 shuttled by bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells-secreted exosomes alleviates osteoporosis through mediating microRNA-34c/SATB2 axis
- 1 Department of Orthopedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, P. R. China
received: April 11, 2019 ; accepted: September 2, 2019 ; published: October 26, 2019 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102264
How to Cite
Copyright © 2019 Yang et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as promising novel modulators during osteogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Enhanced SATB2 has been demonstrated to promote osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) in patients with osteonecrosis. Preliminary bioinformatic analysis identified putative binding sites between microRNA-34c (miR-34c) and metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) or miR-34c and SATB2 3’UTR. Thus, the current study aimed to clarify the potential functional relevance of MALAT1-containing exosomes from BMSCs in osteoporosis. The extracted exosomes from primary BMSCs were co-cultured with human osteoblasts (hFOB1.19), followed by evaluation of the hFOB1.19 cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralized nodules. The obtained findings indicated that BMSC-Exos promoted the expression of SATB2 in osteoblasts, and SATB2 silencing reduced the ALP activity of osteoblasts and mineralized nodules. MALAT1 acted as a sponge of miR-34c to promote the expression of SATB2. Additionally, BMSCs-derived exosomal MALAT1 promoted osteoblast activity. Moreover, in vivo experiments indicated that miR-34c reversed the effect of MALAT1, and SATB2 reversed the effect of miR-34c in ovariectomized mice. Taken together, this study demonstrates that BMSCs-derived exosomal MALAT1 enhances osteoblast activity in osteoporotic mice by mediating the miR-34c/SATB2 axis.