Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 21 pp 9569—9580
TGF-β- and lipopolysaccharide-induced upregulation of circular RNA PWWP2A promotes hepatic fibrosis via sponging miR-203 and miR-223
- 1 Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450000, China
- 2 Department of Histology and Embryology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450000, China
- 3 Department of Cardiac Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450000, China
received: August 9, 2019 ; accepted: October 26, 2019 ; published: November 13, 2019 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102405
How to Cite
Copyright © 2019 Liu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Both transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can activate hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), thus increasing expressions of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and type I collagen alpha 1 (Col1α1) and promoting liver fibrosis. However, whether TGF-β and LPS have a common downstream reactor remains unclear. Recently, a strong relationship of circular RNAs (circRNAs) and fibrogenesis has been elucidated. In this study, we compared the expressions of several circRNAs in TGF-β- and LPS-activated HSCs, and found that circ-PWWP2A was upregulated in both TGF-β- and LPS-activated HSCs and in mouse fibrotic liver tissues. Meanwhile, circ-PWWP2A was positively correlated with HSC activation and proliferation. Two microRNAs, miR-203 and miR-223, were identified to be the downstream targets of circ-PWWP2A using luciferase reporter assay and pull-down interaction assay. Circ-PWWP2A was suggested to promote HSC activation and proliferation via sponging miR-203 and miR-223, and subsequently increasing Fstl1 and TLR4, respectively. Furthermore, downregulating circ-PWWP2A was indicated to alleviate hepatic fibrosis in vivo. In conclusion, our findings indicated that circ-PWWP2A is the common downstream reactor of TGF-β and LPS in HSC activation, and that circ-PWWP2A plays a critical role in hepatic fibrogenesis via sponging miR-203 and miR-223.