Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 21 pp 9597—9615
A cluster of long non-coding RNAs exhibit diagnostic and prognostic values in renal cell carcinoma
- 1 Department of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China
- 2 Institute of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China
- 3 Department of Pathogenic Biology, School of Basic Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China
Received: August 9, 2019 Accepted: October 26, 2019 Published: November 14, 2019https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102407
How to Cite
Copyright © 2019 Cheng et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Kidney cancer ranked in the top 10 for both men and women in the estimated numbers of new cancer cases in the United States in 2018. Targeted therapies have recently been administered to patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), but the overall survival of patients at the terminal stage of the disease has not been as good as expected. It is therefore necessary to uncover efficient biomarkers for early diagnosis, and to clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying ccRCC progression and metastasis. Increased evidence has shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles during tumor progression. In this study, 10 candidate lncRNAs with diagnostic and prognostic values in ccRCC were identified: IGFL2-AS1, AC023043.1, AP000439.2, AC124854.1, AL355102.4, TMEM246-AS1, AL133467.3, ZNF582-AS1, LINC01510 and PSMG3-AS1. Enrichment analysis revealed metabolic and functional pathways, which may be closely associated with kidney cancer tumorigenesis. Six representative processes were summarized, namely glycolysis, amino acid metabolism, lipid synthesis, reductive carboxylation, nucleotide metabolism, transmembrane transport and signal transduction. In combination, the present results provided prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers for ccRCC and might pave the way for targeted intervention and molecular therapies in the future.